Personal Protective Equipment

Eye and Face Protection

Hazard Category-Task/Action Hazard Source PPE required
IMPACT — chipping, grinding, machining, masonry work, woodworking, sawing, drilling, chiseling, powered fastening, riveting, and sanding. Flying fragments, objects, large chips, particles, sand, dirt, etc. Spectacles with side protection, goggles, face shields. For severe exposure, use face shields.
HEAT — furnace operations, pouring, casting, hot dipping, and welding. Hot sparks Face shields, goggles, spectacles with side protection. For severe exposure use face shield.
  Splash from molten metals Face shields worn over goggles.
  High temperature exposure Screen face shields, reflective face shields.
CHEMICALS — acids and chemicals handling, degreasing, plating. Splash Goggles, eyecup and cover types. For severe exposure use face shields.
  Irritating mists Special-purpose goggles
DUST — woodworking, buffing, general dusty conditions. Nuisance dust Goggles, eyecup and cover types.
LIGHT and/or RADIATION — welding: electric arc Optical radiation Welding goggles or welding face shields. Typical shades, 10-14.
Welding: gas Optical radiation Welding goggles or welding shields. Typical shades: gas welding 4-7, cutting 3-6, brazing 3-4.
Cutting, torch brazing, torch soldering Optical radiation Spectacles or welding face-shield. Typical shades, 1.5-3.
Glare Poor vision Spectacles with shaded or special-purpose lenses, as suitable.


Head Hazards

Hazard Category-Task/Action Hazard Source PPE Required
  • Working below others using tools or materials that could fall.
  • Working under machinery where materials could fall.
  • Hard hat — check to make sure hard hat is appropriate class for work.
  • Working on energized electrical equipment.
  • Class A helmets — for protection from low voltage conductors (less than 2,2000 volts).
  • Class B helmets — for protection from high voltage conductors (less than 20,000 volts).
  • Class C helmets — should not be used around electrical hazards.


Hand Hazards

Hazard Category-Task/Action Hazard Source PPE Required
  • Chemical handling operations that may result in skin exposure
  • Cleaning with chemicals
  • Chemical spill clean up
  • Disposable gloves: vinyl, nitrile, latex, polyethylene
  • Reusable: butyl, rubber, neoprene, PVA (wash after each use)
  • Working around hot materials or flames
  • Welding
  • Kevlar, Zetex
  • Handling materials at extremely low temperatures
  • Cryogenic
  • Material handing
  • Glass handling
  • Sheet metal operations
  • Work that involves knives or razor blades
  • Leather, metal mesh, Kevlar, combination fabric and metal



Foot Hazards

Hazard Category-Task/Action Hazard Source PPE Required
IMPACT INJURY — handling materials that could be dropped.
  • Carrying or handling materials that could be dropped
  • Construction, plumbing, masonry, carpentry
  • Metal workers, machinists
  • Shipping and receiving, storerooms
  • Safety shoes and boots with impact protection, recommend steel toe or metacarpal.
COMPRESSION INJURY — working around heavy objects or equipment that could crush feet.
  • Material handling carts, bulk rolls, heavy pipes
  • Safety shoes and boot with compression protection, recommend steal toe or metacarpal.
  • Construction sites where nails, screws, tacks, wires, scrap metal could be stepped on
  • Safety shoes and boots with puncture protection, recommend reinforced sole footwear.
  • Chemical spill clean up
  • Neoprene or rubber boots
  • Work around electrically energized parts
  • Footwear for protection against electrical hazards, recommend: electrostatic dissipating footwear, or electrical hazard footwear.


SDSU PPE Training