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Leadership starts here

Division of Business and Financial Affairs

Environmental Health and Safety


Industrial Safety

Confined Spaces

A. Directors are responsible to:

  1. Establish and institute the Confined Space Policy for their department.
  2. Ensure that the policy is applied throughout the confined space work areas.

B. Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) is responsible to:

  1. Prepare, develop, implement, maintain, and audit the written Confined Space Program for SDSU.
  2. Coordinate with Facilities Services and TNS personnel to locate, identify, and post SDSU confined spaces.
  3. Assist in coordination of training for Entry Supervisors, Attendants, and Authorized Entrants regarding procedures and protocols to be used during work in a confined space.
  4. Work with Managers and Supervisors to ensure university employees comply with the Cal-OSHA requirements for entry into confined spaces.

C. SDSU Employees including Facilities Services and Communications Services/ TNS Department are responsible to:

  1. Identify personnel who are affected by this standard and ensure that they receive the required confined space entry and procedures training.
  2. Provide information to EH&S on the type of work procedures and conditions within SDSU confined spaces when requested.
  3. Identify tools, equipment, and sources of hazardous energy to be locked out or blocked off prior to entry into a confined space.
  4. Maintain written procedures regarding administrative and engineering controls and standards to work in a confined space.
  5. Fill out and issue the confined space permits and cancel the permits upon completion of the work.
  6. Follow procedures and practices identified and established within this safety program.
  7. Provide and maintain equipment that is needed for confined space entry, including but not limited to: atmospheric testing equipment, protective barriers, ventilation devices, and rescue equipment.
  8. Ensure that all confined space entries are carried out according to the procedures specified in this document.

D. Contractors are responsible to:

  1. Comply with all Cal-OSHA regulations for entry into a confined space.
  2. Take responsibility for their employees who enter confined spaces.
  3. Train employees in the required confined space entry procedures.
  4. Provide copies of their permits to EH&S upon request.

E. Confined Space Entry Supervisor is responsible to:

  1. Ensure that all persons involved in a confined space entry are properly trained and follow appropriate procedures.
  2. Verify by checking that the appropriate entries have been made on the permit, that all tests specified by the permit have been conducted and that all procedures and equipment specified by the permit are in place before endorsing the permit and allowing entry.
  3. Complete training and be aware of the hazards, effects of exposure to hazards, and signs or symptoms of exposure associated with the particular space being evaluated.
  4. Complete the Confined Space Entry Permit.
  5. Verify that rescue services are available and the means for summoning additional services are operable.
  6. At intervals dictated by the hazards and operations performed within the space, determine whenever responsibility for a permit space entry operation is transferred; that entry operations remain consistent with terms of the entry permit; and that acceptable entry conditions are maintained.
  7. Remove unauthorized individuals who enter, or who attempt to enter, the permit space during entry operations.
  8. Terminate the entry and file canceled permits properly.

F. Confined Space Authorized Entrant is responsible to:

  1. Be the only person who may enter a confined space.
  2. Complete training and be aware of the hazards, effects of exposure to hazards, and signs or symptoms of exposure associated with the particular space being entered.
  3. Stay in constant contact with the Attendant (sight, voice, or radio) during a permit required confined space entry to enable the Attendant to monitor Entrant status and to enable the Attendant to alert Entrants of the need to evacuate the space if required. The Entrant must alert the Attendant whenever:
    • Entrant recognizes any warning signs or symptoms of exposure, or
    • Entrant detects a prohibited condition.
  4. Properly use the appropriate safety equipment as specified on the Entry Permit.
  5. Exit from the space when directed by the Attendant or Entry Supervisor, when Entrant feels that a hazardous condition exists, when Entrant recognizes any warning signs or symptoms of exposure, or when the evacuation alarm on the gas detector is activated.

G. Confined Space Entry Attendant is responsible to:

  1. Complete training and be aware of the hazards, effects of exposure to hazards, and signs or symptoms of exposure associated with the particular space being monitored.
  2. Be aware of possible behavioral effects of hazard exposure in Authorized Entrants.
  3. Work with the Entrant to obtain and install the required safety equipment for Permit Required Confined Space entries.
  4. Monitor pedestrian barriers to protect Entrants from external hazards and prevent unauthorized persons from entering the space.
  5. Monitor the atmosphere for hazardous condition changes such as air quality, dust, steam, heat sources, equipment, etc. within the confined space during the entry operation.
  6. Remain in position (outside the permit space during entry operations) until relieved by another trained Attendant or the work in the space is complete and perform no duties that might interfere with monitoring and protecting the Entrant.
  7. Ensure that all lock out/tag out measures, if applicable, remain in place.
  8. Notify the Entrant and order an evacuation if a situation develops that could endanger the Entrant.
  9. Take the following actions when unauthorized persons approach or enter a permit space while entry is underway:
    • Warn the unauthorized persons that they must stay away from the permit space,
    • Advise the unauthorized persons that they must exit immediately if they have entered the permit space, and
    • Inform the Authorized Entrant and the Entry Supervisor if unauthorized persons have entered the permit space.
  10. Continuously maintain an accurate count of Authorized Entrants in the space and ensure that Authorized Entrants are identified appropriately.
  11. Stay in constant communication with Entrant using either verbal communication, if the Entrant is in direct sight, or powered communication to monitor Entrant status and alert Entrant of the need to evacuate. If the powered communication equipment malfunctions, the Entrant must evacuate the confined space immediately and not reenter until a functional method of communication is available.
  12. Monitor activities inside and outside of the space to determine if it is safe for Entrant to remain in the space and order the Authorized Entrant to evacuate the permit space immediately under any of the following conditions:
    • If the Attendant detects a prohibited condition,
    • If the Attendant detects the behavioral effects of hazard exposure in an Authorized Entrant,
    • If the Attendant detects a situation outside the space that could endanger the Authorized Entrant, or
    • If the Attendant cannot effectively and safely perform all the duties as listed in this section
  13. Be trained in non-entry rescue.
  14. Perform non-entry rescues and summon additional rescue and other emergency services as soon as it is determined that Authorized Entrants may need assistance to escape from permit space hazards.
  15. Inform Work Control in the event that the Attendant must perform a non-entry rescue.

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